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Effect of the Material Structure on the Noise Level in Phased Array Ultrasonic Tests

Karol Kaczmarek, Leszek Grolik

The article presents results of tests performed to determine the noise level in ultrasonic Phased Array testing. The tests, involving non-alloy steel S355 and austenitic steel X5CrNi18-10, were carried out applying a frequently used test configuration and 16-element 5 MHz array probes having an aperture of 10 mm ×10 mm. The obtainment of a differentiated structure, i.e. characterised by various grain sizes, required the performance of special heat treatment processes. Metallographic tests, concerning both steel grades, were performed to quantify the grain size. Specimens containing artificially made SDH Ø3 cylindrical reflectors and spherical reflectors having various diameters were made of the material prepared in the above-presented manner. The tests also involved amplitude measurements and the identification of the noise level of the reflectors. The test results enabled the quantitative determination of the signal-noise ratio, affecting the detection of low-amplitude indications.

doi: 10.17729/ebis.2020.6/6